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Computer Systems Administrator

Companies depend on their networks for so much of their work, so it makes sense that any problems need to be corrected quickly. This is the responsibility of a computer systems administrator. Computer systems administrators are responsible for the upkeep, configuration, and reliable operation of a company's computer systems; especially multi-user computers, such as servers. They also keep all equipment and software up to date.

What does it take to be a Computer Systems Administrator?

  • Degree in Computer Science or Network Systems Administration

What skills do I need?

  • Investigative

  • Organized

  • Rational

  • Analytical

  • Logical

  • Persistent

  • Tech-savvy

What can I do now to prepare to be a Computer Systems Administrator?

  • Tinker with your computer

  • Learn about different computer softwares

  • Work with tools and machines

  • Understand how your technology works

Advice from Computer Systems Administrator:
What do you learn during Computer Science degrees? Most IT courses are not all theory compared to courses from other types of degrees, like Sociology or Economics. Even if Computer Science and Information Technology degrees include theoretical classes, their approach is far more practical. For instance, right after a theoretical class, you will have to apply that knowledge through practical exercises in a computer laboratory.

- Anonymous


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Cyber Intelligence Officer

Cyber intelligence officers gather information about where threats to information technology (IT) systems come from and how they work.


What does it take to be a Cyber Intelligence Officer?

  • A degree in: computer science, computer or cyber security, mathematics or network engineering and security

  • Knows how to use digital resources to gather information and evidence

What skills do I need?

  • Knowledge of computer operating systems, hardware and software

  • An understanding of hacking

  • Complex problem-solving skills

  • Initiative

  • Ability to work well under pressure

  • Telecommunications knowledge

  • Attention to detail

  • Persistence and determination

  • Math skills

  • Understanding of computer systems and applications

What can I do now to prepare to be a Cyber Intelligence Officer?

  • Explore different kinds of computer softwares

  • Apply for an internship at a tech or IT firm


Advice from a Cyber Intelligence Officer:
This job has the potential to be a very fulfilling one for the right type of person since it means protecting important information against those who wish to destroy or misuse it. Cyber intelligence analysts are valuable assets for any company, and it’s a career that will have staying power as long as the Internet continues to run the world.


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IT security coordinators plan and put in place security measures to protect clients' information and data from unauthorised access, deliberate attack, theft and corruption.

What does it take to be an IT Security Coordinator?

  • A degree in network security, computer science (with security options), forensic computing or business information systems

  • Trustworthy

What skills do I need?

  • Analytics

  • Communication

  • Leadership

  • Problem solving

  • Technical ability

  • Time management

What can I do to prepare to be an IT Security Coordinator?

  • Get an internship at an IT company

  • Learn about different softwares on your computer

  • Understand online privacy policies

Advice from an IT Security Coordinator:

“Privacy – like eating and breathing – is one of life’s basic requirements.”

Katherine Neville


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Social Media Manager

Social media managers are responsible for curating a brand’s social channels. They monitor, moderate and respond to audience comments; manage social media partnerships with other brands; and create and/or post shareable videos and images.


What does it take to be a Social Media Manager?

  • Social media proficiency

  • Degree in journalism, marketing, advertising, public relations, or related field

What skills do I need?

  • Social media literacy

  • Communication

  • Creativity

  • Brand awareness

  • Time management

What can I do now to prepare to be a Social Media Manager?

  • Join this training program called Social Media Manager School.

  • Research how different brands handle their social media accounts

  • Ask yourself what is most effective in catching your attention on social media?


Advice from a Social Media Manager:

Even though there are some unexpected tasks required, being a social media manager is a fun, rewarding job. You instantly see the results from hard work and it's interesting to be part of an industry that is so fast-paced, ever-changing, and new in every aspect.

  • Briana, social media manager, freelance writer, and blogger


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Software Developer

Software developers are the creative, brainstorming masterminds behind computer programs of all sorts. While some software developers may focus on a specific program or app, others create giant networks or underlying systems that help trigger and power other programs. This is why there are two main classifications of developers: applications software developers and systems software developers.

What  does it take to be a Software Developer?

  • Degree in computer science or related field

  • Knowledge in coding

What skills do I need?

  • Tech savvy

  • Creative

  • Analytical

  • Coding

  • Programming

What can I do now to prepare to be a Software Developer?

  • Learn basic coding (HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc.)

  • Make a simple website/app

  • Take a free programming online classes for kids

Advice from a Software Engineer/Developer:
Really think about how you picture both your work and personal life - write it down if you need to. Research positions related to software engineering or any career you look into. Talk with people in these positions if you can. Compare what you find to how you picture your future.​

- Stephanie VanDyke, Software Engineer


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IT managers are responsible for coordinating, planning, and leading computer-related activities in an organization. They help determine the IT needs of an organization and are responsible for implementing computer systems to fulfill the organization's information systems requirements. The scope of an IT manager's responsibilities varies. In some cases, the focus is solely on computer networks. In other cases, the focus can be on managing telecommunications systems and other electronic support systems related to the company operations.

What does it take to be an IT Manager?

  • Bachelor's degree in computer science, information science, or a related field

  • Relevant work experience

  • Optional certification to work with systems/products

What skills do I need?

  • Problem solving

  • Project management

  • Decision-making skills

  • Excellent working knowledge of computer systems, security, network and systems administration, databases and data storage systems, and phone systems

  • Monitor performance of information technology systems to determine cost and productivity levels, and to make recommendations for improving the IT infrastructure

How to prepare now to be an IT Manager? 

  • Get hands-on experience working with computer networks

  • Tinker with your computer

Advice from an IT Expert?
Computer and technical skills are essential, but equally important are management abilities. IT managers need to analyze a problem and pick the best and most cost-effective solution. They also need to lead and motivate departments of people to meet the goals of the company. The most important thing about IT management is knowing enough about a lot of things so you can manage a lot of people who know about different things. If you decide to go into management, you have to learn how a system works rather than how a particular project works.
- Kapil Patnaik, owner of CareTecher LLC, a technology consulting firm


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