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Geologists work in one of the most important (and oldest) Earth Sciences. Most people are aware that they study rocks in the environment. They also study rock formations and how they are created, what leads to rocks being created and the natural processes that shape our world. They may examine how natural processes affect rocks such as river formation, for example, and how the natural environment is affected by rocks. Rocks can impact the PH level of soils and determine the plant and animal life that thrives there. Their aim is to understand the planet's history and the chronology of individual rock formations. They study the materials of the Earth and the wild processes upon it.

What does it take to be a Geologist?

  • A Bachelor's of Science degree in geology or related field of study

  • Ability to perform work or having experience in various industries, such as mining, environmental assessments, land development, and land remediation

  • Knowledge of geology and geological factors for location of work site

  • Collect and analyze geological information, such as water, soil or rock data

What skills do I need?

  • Collection and analysis of data

  • Observational skills

  • Close attention to detail

  • Research and reporting

What can I do now to prepare to be a Geologist?

  • Study/Collect rocks

  • Observe how your surroundings change over time

  • Read books on geology and the history of the world


Advice from a Geologist:

One piece of advice for a young professional: “Commit to learning new things every day… always keep an open mind…and keep on questioning what it is you’ve already learned. Never be satisfied with what you know, because things will change.”  - Mike Loudin, ExxonMobil

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Forensic Scientist

Forensic science is the application of science to legal cases. Forensic science technicians help investigate crimes by collecting and analyzing physical evidence. Environmental forensic science applies scientific methods to the investigation of environmental crimes and contamination events.

Forensic scientists use their skill and knowledge of chemistry and geology to study contamination events and determine their origins. They may collect samples on-site, analyze the samples in the laboratory, and assess the geology of a particular site to determine how chemical contaminants may have migrated through the environment. They may testify in court about their findings.

What does it take to be a Forensic Scientist?

  • Record accurate physical and chronological measurements

  • Observe and record evidence with the intent of preserving it in its raw and untampered state

  • Collect and secure evidence in a professional manner

  • Have a deep understanding of the degradation of evidence due to time and tampering

  • Analyze and present data in courts of law and discoveries

  • Create infographs and reports for data presentation

  • Understand how to effectively and accurately use statistics for communication and testing

  • Test, analyze, and report on samples

  • Translate complex scientific evidence for specific audiences

What skills do I need?

  • Have a broad knowledge of sciences like chemistry, toxicology, serology, physical science, anatomy, dental science, and others as they apply to the current situation

  • Be a strong communicator. Skills must include writing reports, offering verbal and written testimony, and making presentations

  • Research and observational skills

What can I do now to prepare to be a Forensic Scientist?

  • Study natural sciences such as Chemistry and Biology

  • Look at cases solved with forensic science


Advice from a Forensic Scientist:
“Forensic science is a very difficult area to break into as the competition for jobs is at an all-time high. The media has portrayed the job as very glamorous and exciting which has popularised any role within the forensic market. I would advise anybody wanting to break into this career to do your homework on recent developments, the companies in the market, have a positive outlook on life and acquire a strong stomach.” -anonymous


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Psychologists study cognitive, emotional, and social processes and behavior by observing, interpreting, and recording how people relate to one another and to their environments. They use their findings to help improve processes and behaviors.


What does it take to be a Psychologist?

  • Doctoral degree in psychology

  • Certificate or license to work in field

  • Observe, interview, and survey individuals

  • Identify psychological, emotional, behavioral, or organizational issues and diagnose disorders

  • Research and identify behavioral or emotional patterns

  • Test for patterns that will help them better understand and predict behavior

  • Discuss the treatment of problems with clients

  • Write articles, research papers, and reports to share findings and educate others

  • Conduct scientific studies of behavior and brain function


What skills do I need?

  • Communication

  • Ethics

  • Patience

  • Research

  • Problem solving


What can I do now to prepare to be a Psychologist?

  • Read about and observe human behaviors

  • Learn about mental health


Advice from a Psychologist:
When I first embarked on my psychology career, I envisioned sitting in a big, comfortable chair behind a wooden desk, while my patient lay on a couch describing his sleeping problems or weird dreams. And if you are a traditional psychologist, you indeed may experience this type of scenario. However, you can find employment in a variety of settings. Big corporations hire psychologists to help the businesses’ employees learn to communicate better internally. Sports teams employ psychologists to help with the team members’ motivation and self-confidence. Engineering companies use psychologists to help the company build more efficient and safer products. And universities hire psychologists to help teach and train the next generation of psychologists. So, if you are dismissing the idea of becoming a psychologist because you don’t want to go into private practice and deal with other people’s personal problems, understand that a psychology profession is still available to you.


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Pharmacists are healthcare professionals who focus on the safe and effective use of medications. They are qualified to dispense prescription medications as well as giving advice on over-the-counter remedies for minor ailments.


What does it take to be a Pharmacist?

  • Doctorate degree of pharmacy

  • Courses on pharmaceutics and pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology (effects of drugs on the body), toxicology, and pharmacy administration.

What skills do I need?

  • Analytical Skills

  • Ability to think critically

  • Strong numerical skills

  • Attention to detail

  • Problem-solving

  • Observation skills

What can I do now to prepare to be a Pharmacist?

  • Study Math and Science


Advice from a Pharmacist:
For me, being a pharmacist is about neither salary nor prestige; it is about giving back, but in doing so I have received so many rewards. I love being a pharmacist because of the lives I have touched, but most importantly, because of the lives that have touched me.
- Kathleen Jane Cross, PharmD


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A chemist searches for new knowledge about chemicals and uses it to improve the way we live. He or she may develop products such as synthetic fibers, drugs, and cosmetics. Chemists create processes, including oil refining and petrochemical processing, that reduce energy use and pollution.

What does it take to be a Chemist?

  • Minimum bachelor’s degree in Chemistry

  • Courses include chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, organic and inorganic chemistry

What skills to do I need?

  • Problem solving

  • Critical thinking

  • Analytical Skills

  • Organizational Skills

  • Data compilation

What can I do now to prepare to be a Chemist?

  • Study chemistry

  • Do science experiments for kids


Advice from a Chemist:
My job is quite varied. Some days, I'm performing elaborate experiments at the bench, making sure to integrate the proper controls. I also set up and calibrate equipment. Others, I'm in sell-baby-sell mode. Everyday, I mentor interns or junior members of staff, so it's like a teaching job without having to teach in a classroom. One day, I'd love to be a manager and be in my boss' position. Being versatile, as I said, REALLY helps you become an important member of your company and the community as well!


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Day-to-day Archaeologists conduct field investigations, analyze artifacts, excavate sites, manage the logistics of projects at sites, write reports and recommendations, teach, conduct research, and publish the results of their research in academic journals. Archaeology is an important career because it assists us in obtaining a chronology of our past, it gives us some understanding of why human culture has changed through time and it allows us to explain cause-and-effect behavior of humans in the past which in turn helps us understand the present and why humanity is the way it is. Through Archaeology we can make more informed decisions about the progression of humanity as it currently exists.


What does it take to be an Archeologist?

  • Undergraduate degree in anthropology or archaeology

  • Develop data collection methods and systems tailored to a particular specialty or project

  • Collect information from observations, interviews, and documents

  • Record and manage records of observations taken in the field via GPS/GIS and other proprietary software

  • Uncover patterns about human life, culture, and origins

  • Engage in field survey, testing, monitoring, and data recovery

  • Advise organizations on the cultural impact of policies, programs, and products

  • Professional report and site form preparation, research, and literature reviews

What skills do I need?

  • Well-versed in math, science, english and history

  • Analyzing data

  • Reporting

What can I do now to prepare to be an Archeologist?

  • Learn about history of the natural world

  • Look at your trash, what does that say about you and your family


Advice from an Archeologist:
You can become an archaeologist if you really want to. There are thousands of us in the world and there will be thousands more in the future. Archaeology always needs more dedicated practitioners because there is no end to what we don’t know about our past. There is no end to exploration and the expansion of knowledge. If you want to become an archaeologist, do not be dissuaded. I believe everyone that really wants to become an archaeologist will achieve that dream.
- Bill White author and PhD Archaeology student at the University of Arizona.


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Medical Doctor

MDs treat people for illnesses and injuries. They also prescribe medications, order diagnostic tests, diagnose ailments, and record patient information. Medical doctors have many different kinds of practices such as general practice, gynecology, dermatology, pediatric medicine, orthopedics, or many others. All surgeons are medical doctors. Medical doctors' jobs vary by specialty and work environment. While emergency room physicians will work in fast-pace, high-stress environments, many family doctors are able to set their own schedules in a private medical care practice. Helping people in illness and injury can be very rewarding, but the job can be stressful and carry an emotional toll, as well.

What does it take to be a Medical Doctor?

  • Must graduate from medical school

  • Must complete hospital residency program

  • Must obtain license to practice medicine

What skills do I need?

  • Decision-making under pressure

  • Communication

  • Professionalism

  • Problem solving

  • Attentive

What can I do now to prepare to be a Medical Doctor?

  • Look into the different kinds of medical doctors to see if you can find a good fit

  • Read science books and literature

Advice from a Medical Doctor:
Be certain of why you want to be a doctor. Doctors spend a large portion of their lives not just working to cure the sick, but also studying and training in high-pressure situations. And it’s for a good reason. After all, lives are at stake and one small mistake can be all the difference between life and death. The amount of toil and sweat that they have to go through is second to none.
- Anonymous


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A microbiologist is a scientist who studies microscopic organisms including bacteria, algae, and fungi. Often, they study organisms that cause disease and environmental damage or are of industrial or agricultural interest. They also study the characteristics of nonliving pathogens, such as viruses and prions. Microbiologists often use cutting-edge techniques and sophisticated machinery along with biotechnology, genetics, or other related fields to perform their duties and study microbes.

What does it take to be a Microbiologist?

  • Minimum bachelor’s degree in microbiology

  • Review current scientific literature and journal articles to stay aware of scientific advancements

  • Maintain a lab environment and safety equipment as per relevant industry standards for quality, health, and safety

  • Perform analyses of media samples and biological specimens

  • Analyze test results and prepare reports

What skills do I need?

  • Analytical

  • Organizational skills

  • Attention to detail

  • Numerical skills

  • Patience

What can I do now to prepare to be a Microbiologist?

  • Learn about the units of life that we cannot see (cells, etc)

  • Play around with a microscope


Advice from a Microbiologist:
“In research you need to learn to deal with disappointment or success measured in tiny baby steps. In my experience, research is basically figuring out 9000 ways that something doesn’t work. It can be a very hard pill to swallow without the right personality.”


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Environmentalists help the public make informed decisions about the use of limited natural resources. They do research, produce reports, write articles, lecture, issue press releases, lobby congress, fundraise, and campaign. The daily routine depends on the specialty. Environmental researchers measure decay and its pace and patterns, including the depletion of the ozone layer in space or contaminated groundwater in suburban communities. Policy-determining environmentalists determine how behavior can be modified in the future to avoid these problems. Other environmental positions involve office work, policy analysis, lab work, or computer analysis.

What does it take to be an Environmentalist?

  • Love for nature and the environment

  • Degree in environmental science, biology, organic chemistry or similar courses

What skills do I need?

  • Understanding of Earth’s natural resources

  • Research

  • Data analysis

  • Problem solving

  • Patience

What can I do now to prepare to be an Environmentalist?

  • Spark your curiosity in the world around you

  • Study climate change

  • Ask yourself what needs to be done to prevent climate change

Advice from an Environmentalist:
“People make the biggest contributions when they do what they actually do best, not what they think conservation needs. So many people want to get involved in conservation but believe that means biology, radiotracking lions, doing a study, doing science. But conservation is politics, economics, awareness, education, law enforcement, socioecology, social justice etc. It is a mistake to think that conservation is biology, or that conservation science is [necessarily] conservation. If anyone wants to do conservation and make a big difference, then have a good hard look at your skills and use those skills to help – perhaps your skills are social media, writing, photography, teaching, making money, creating apps, using technology.”

- Colleen Begg, PhD, Managing Director of Mariri and Niassa Carnivore Project, Mozambique; Director of TRT Conservation Foundation

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